Can Europe be Sovereign?

April 22, 2021

Three years ago, President Macron called for "a sovereign, democratic, and united Europe". For her part, Chancellor Merkel emphasized that "Europeans must take their fate into their own hands.” Participants in this final session of the “Debating the Future of Europe” series discuss whether Europeans have made progress towards these goals.


  • Anu Bradford, Columbia Law School, Columbia University
  • David Goodhart, Journalist and Author - Boris Ruge, Munich Security Conference
  • Dominique Reynié, Sciences Po
  • Moderated by Carlo Invernizzi Accetti, City College of New York

This live, virtual date took place on March 9, 2021. This event is part of the series “Debating the Future of Europe,” organized by Columbia Global Centers | Paris, the European Institute and the Alliance Program. View the full series here.

Co-sponsored by: Columbia Alumni Association, Columbia Maison Française, Columbia University Libraries, the Institute for Ideas and Imagination, European Legal Studies Center at Columbia Law School, Le Grand Continent, La Maison de l'Europe de Paris, and Sciences Po American Foundation. With additional support from the Erasmus + programme of the European Union and the Advisory Board of the Paris Global Center.